Category Archives: Early War

CIA Created

CIA Created 1947 In an effort to bring to a close the inter-service bickering that marred U.S. intelligence during WWII, President Truman created the United States’ first independent agency capable both of intelligence analysis and covert operations. Its 40 year … Continue reading

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Containment

Containment 1947 A term coined by diplomat and Sovietologist George Kennan, it came to form the cornerstone of US policy toward the Soviet Union during the early Cold War. It found early application in the Truman Doctrine and sought to … Continue reading

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Indo-Pakistani War

Indo-Pakistani War 1947–48, 1965, 1971 From the time of India’s independence from Britain, the Muslim and Hindu elements of this former colony have been in conflict. Pakistan has traditionally been on the losing end of these conflicts, but has relied … Continue reading

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Marshall Plan

Marshall Plan 1947 On June 5, Secretary of State George C. Marshall announced to the world the US plan to reconstruct all of Europe. Due to Soviet pressure, Eastern European states did not participate. However, for the 16 nations of … Continue reading

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Independent Reds

Independent Reds 1948 The Communist Information Bureau, COMINFORM, expelled Yugoslavia for Marshall Tito’s refusal to conform to Moscow’s wishes. Albania would ultimately follow a similar tack, breaking with Yugoslavia, then Khrushchev’s USSR. While remaining within the Soviet structure, Ceausescu’s Romania … Continue reading

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NATO

NATO 1949 The second part of the US strategy to rebuild Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) became synonymous with the West’s opposition to the Soviet Union. An oft repeated maxim for NATO’s purpose captures it nicely: “NATO was … Continue reading

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Olympic Games

Olympic Games 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988 Sport often served as an outlet for the intense competition between the Superpowers, and that competition was never so intense as at the Olympics. The Olympics served … Continue reading

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