Category Archives: USSR Events

U-2 Incident

U-2 Incident 1960 Starting in 1955, the United States began running surveillance flights over the Soviet Union at altitudes beyond Soviet anti-aircraft ranges. However, in May of 1960, a Soviet Sam II missile struck Francis Gary Powers’ aircraft in Soviet … Continue reading

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Flower Power

Flower Power 1965 – 1970 A term reportedly coined by the poet Allen Ginsberg, “flower power” came to represent the nonviolence and peace movements of the 1960s. The classical context for the phrase was the placement of daisies into rifle … Continue reading

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Cultural Revolution

Cultural Revolution 1966 – 1977 While primarily representative of an internal power struggle within the People’s Republic of China, the Cultural Revolution had profound international implications. As Mao Zedong felt increasingly marginalized by moderates within the Chinese Communist party, he … Continue reading

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Muslim Revolution

Muslim Revolution 1979 As secular Arab and Muslim states throughout the Middle East displayed corruption, repression and incompetence, more radical forms of Islam began to come to the fore. The Muslim Brotherhood, founded in Egypt, sought to topple the secular … Continue reading

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Willy Brandt

Willy Brandt 1969 An ardent socialist and opponent of the Nazi party during his youth, Willy Brandt led the West German Socialist Democratic party to the Chancellorship in 1969. There he implemented the same pragmatic approach to east-west linkages that … Continue reading

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Allende

Allende 1970 – 1973 A physician, Salvador Allende was popularly elected in Chile to lead that nation’s first socialist government. Allende moved quickly to socialize copper production— Chile’s largest export commodity. The mines were largely held by two US companies, … Continue reading

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South African Unrest

South African Unrest 1964 – 1994 The racist, minority government of South Africa began to be challenged by the African National Congress with Soviet and Cuban assistance from bases in Tanzania and Zambia and other “front-line” states. The era of … Continue reading

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